Lesson Plan #2
The student will be able to identify why children were key to businesses during the Industrial Revolution
The student will be able to identify the dangers and hazards children faced at work
USII.4 The student will demonstrate knowledge of how life changed after the Civil War by
e) describing the impact of the Progressive Movement on child labor, working conditions, the rise of organized labor, women’s suffrage, and the temperance movement.
6.1 The student will analyze oral participation in small-group activities.
a) Communicate as leader and contributor.
b) Summarize and evaluate group activities.
6.14 The student, given a problem situation, will
a) construct circle graphs;
b) draw conclusions and make predictions, using circle graphs; and
MS.5 The student will investigate musical sounds, forms, styles, and genres through listening, discussing, writing, and performing.
-#2: Time, Continuity and Change
- #10 Civic Ideals and Practices
· Essential Questions:
o Why did businesses use child labor? What were the benefits?
o What were the hazards of the work area to children?
Estimated Time: 45-60 minutes
II. Materials for Learning Activities
· Lyrics to Babies in the Mill and background information - http://members.fortunecity.com/folkfred/babies.html
· Child Labor picture worksheets (see attachment)
· Paper plates
III. Procedures for Learning Activities
o Ask students what jobs they think children were employed at. How much money they think they made, the hours and days they worked
o Listen to the song Babies in the Mill (students will have copy of the lyrics)
§ Before listening to the song, ask students, based off of the title, what the song will be about
§ Tell students to read over the lyrics before listening to the song
§ Play the song, after, have a class discussion about the song and what it meant. What was it about? Did any line/phrase stick out to them? Pick out specific lines that may have given students trouble or may not have understood what is meant, such as: What did it mean when it said ‘the babies grew up unlearned?” What about ‘Every time I close my eyes, I see that picture still when textile work was carried on by babies in the mill?” Why did the artist write the song? Did the instruments/beat match the message or mood he wanted to create?(Replay the song if needed)
o Pass out the pictures of children working in factories during the Progressive Era.
§ Have students fill out questions/observations about the pictures (see handout)
o Have students who had the same picture get together in a group to discuss their findings and thoughts
· Closing –
o Come back together as a class to discuss everyone’s thoughts and feelings about their pictures (what’s wrong with these pictures)
§ What do they think should happen?
§ How do they think people could help them?
§ What dangers did the children face? Why do they think businesses use children instead of adults to do the same work?
· Picture- were students able to answer the questions thoughtful? Based on students answers, do they seem to understand the conditions children had to endure when they worked?
· While students are working, the teacher will walk around taking informal notes based on conversations s/he has with the students about their pictures and their thoughts on the song
· Allow students who may need help focusing or staying on track, to work with a partner on the picture (such as ADHD, LD, etc.)
· For lower level readers, the lyrics to the song is read aloud and they will also hear it again when it is played to be able to comprehend it more
· Discussing their findings/thoughts/feelings about the picture will help students with ADHD, Autism and LD focus and organize their thoughts and be more prepared/confident to share their findings with the class
· Extension: have students research a job children worked in. Collecting information on what they did, the hours they worked, the conditions they worked in, their pay, any hazards they faced, statistics of injuries children received in the workplace, etc. (Students may present these statistics in graph form using Excel on the computer)
Child Labor Picture Worksheet (it would not copy over)